Pang Mapha Tourist Attractions:
Pang Mapha district was located 67 km up north of Mae Hong Son province. It has pleasant landscape around with a lot of high mountain ranges; most of the citizens are hill tribes in many races such as Lisu, Lahu who live among town people. The interesting place in the district is Lod Cave, it is a big cave with Lang river passes through, the tourists can have a visit in all seasons. Besides, in the district area there are lots of caves that have been explored for example: Pha Pueg cave, Pha Dang cave, Pang Kaam cave, Nam Tok cave, Susa cave, Pha Mon cave, Mae Lana cave, and Nam Bor Pee cave (Spirit Well Cave). Any way, it is difficult to have a visit, in case of, there is still nothing convenience to provide for visiting including the long deep and trouble distance of some caves. Therefore, these caves are suitable for the tourists who love an adventure only.
Tham Lod Cave:
Tham Lod Cave Is situated in a forest in Pang Mapha district approximately 77 kilometers from Mae Hong Son City. Here, the nature has created an exotic subterranean wonder of darkness and mystery. A brook runs from the cave mouth through to the other side of the mountain. It is a route where visitors may travel by raft or by foot to explore the 1 kilometer-long cave which can be found beautiful stalactites and stalagmites. Also, what was discovered is that the remains of 2,000 year – utensils to guide visitors in your exploration? In the evening after sunset, the tourists will see the amazing scenery of swallows flying back to their nests after finding for food in the daytime, at the same time the bats also flying out from the cave for food in the nighttime. It is the interesting way of life of two species animals living in the same cave for a long time ago.
Another cave in Pang Mapha where stalactites and stalagmites can be found is the Mae Lana Cave. The stream inside the cave is habitat to eyeless and colorless fish that live in dark environment. This cave is suitable only for adventurous tourists. Travel along Route 1095 and then branch off into Route 1226 to Ban Mae Lana where a local guide is available. Mae Lana Cave is 4 kilometers beyond the village.
Baan Bor Krai Home Stay:
It is Lahu’s village is Lahu hill tribe village. located in Pang Mapha district area. There has an activity that is: to stay overnight with the villagers. The tourists can be able to touch the Lahu’s life style, culture and also can look around the nature e.g. caves, forests, herbs, variety of orchids, and kinds of plants.
Baan Mae Lana Home Stay:
It is a Shan village that situated in Pang Mapha district. The tourists can enjoy staying overnight with the villagers to see and have a look about their cultures and life styles including the beautiful nature around the village e.g. farming, gardening, and Shan’s shows. You can also take some time for trekking, seeing and visiting the caves, herbs watching, bird watching, and viewing the beautiful orchids and some plants.
“Peeman” prehistoric puzzle:
Many caves in Mae Hong Son province used to be the dwelling of prehistoric human beings. The archaeologist has been found the trace of dwelling of an ancient human which scatters in many places especially in Pang Ma Pha district. All the evidences have been found the most interesting to the people is “Peeman coffin” which called by the local people. Peeman coffin is not only a puzzle of men but also the archaeologist cannot make a conclusion that what is the era of the man who built Peeman coffin and for what objective because of the long, narrow form of the coffin which is not over 50 centimeters, and 2 meters wide, made of log. It is not possible to be the size to contain the dead body and have never found any of the whole corpses in the coffin. There is only little material which cannot use to be the evidence to confirm clearly. However, a thing that makes the archaeologists feel excited is a lot of seeds which can find inside the cave such as a bottle gourd seed, cucumber, and yard-long beans family plant. After bringing all the evidences to check the age by the way of carbon 14 can see that it is already about 1200 years old. The archaeologists assume that it is possible to be cultivated plants than natural plants which grow in the forest, if it can prove that the assumption is true then it can show that this area is one of the places of the world where the human beings have already known how to cultivate for a long time. Moreover, the things which have been found comprise with the remainder of pottery, Stone equipments which are between 8000 years down to 4000 years. After that the various traces have disappeared until enter into the historical era the appearance of the people who live in this area become clearly respectively.
Pang Mapha cave exploration:
The tourists who prefer adventure and want to explore various caves in Pang Mapha district should perform as follows: ask for the information of the cave you want to go because some caves can go to visit only in dry season, provide the expert local guide of each cave to lead you the way. A cave group should have about 4-10 persons, in visiting the cave every one ought to have a flashlight with batteries and spare lights, candles, lighters, and first aid equipment kept into the sealed bag with waterproof. Tourists should put on a helmet with a headlamp, and wear thick clothes to prevent injury from stones and trekking shoes. Furthermore, tourists should prepare drinking water, food, and jackets, inform to one who is responsible for the area both arrival and departure. All the details above should follow strictly with every cave except Lod cave because Department of National Parks has provided all facilities already for the tourists, since the environment in the cave is fragile, so tourists have to be much more careful in touching or stepping in order to achieve the minimal impact. Tourists have to bring out all belongings with you, too.
Pang Mapha district:
Pang Mapha District situated in the north uppermost of the province. The march of neighboring administrative area as follow the North is next to Shan state in Myanmar, the East is next to Pai district, the South is next to Pai and Mae Hon Son Muang districts, and the West is next to Mae Hong Son Muang district and Shan State in Myanmar. It is 67 km. far away from Mae Hong Son Muang district and the topography is lots of high steep sophisticated mountains, there are nearly a hundred of caves. The climate: it has also 3 seasons as follow summer begins from March-May, the rainy season begins from June-October and cold season begins from November-February the average temperature all year is 28˚C. The total area is 798,375 square km. The total population is 21,339 persons (2020) which consist of Native people, Shan, Karen, Hmong, Lisu, Lahu and Lawa. Most of the people earn their living in agriculture, cultivated area and live in the steep hillside, upland rice planting, and field crops such as corns, gingers, carrots, potatoes, red beans, livestock, there is not quite a lot of rice field and most of it is along the brook which has only little flat area. Pang Mapha district divided the administrative area into 4 sub districts namely: Sop Pong sub district, Pang Mapha sub district, Tham Lod sub district, Napu Pom sub district, and there are altogether 38 villages.